Everything about Agni Missiles

India on Feb 20  test-fired its medium range nuclear capable Agni-II missile with a strike range of 2,000 km from Abdul Kalam Island off Odisha coast.The trial of the surface-to-surface missile was conducted from a mobile launcher at the Launch Complex-4 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at around 8.38 am, the sources said.

The Intermediate Range Ballistic Missile (IRBM) has already been inducted into the services and today’s test was carried out by the Army’s Strategic Forces Command (SFC) with logistic support provided by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), they said.


Agni missile:

The Agni missile (Agnī, “fire”; also the Hindu God of Fire) is a family of medium to intercontinental range ballistic missiles developed by India, named after one of the five elements of nature. Agni missiles are long range, nuclear weapons capable surface to surface ballistic missile. The first missile of the series, Agni-I was developed under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program and tested in 1989. After its success, Agni missile program was separated from the IGMDP upon realizing its strategic importance. It was designated as a special program in India’s defence budget and provided adequate funds for subsequent development. As of 2008, the Agni missile family comprises three deployed variants while two more variants are under testing.


  • Agni missile is a surface to surface, medium or long-range ballistic missile.

This is the attributes of the missile, surface to surface means it can only be fired from the surface and not air or water, medium or long range means approx. 3000-5500 km range.

And Ballistic missile means missile follows a ballistic trajectory(parabolic path).This type of missiles can carry a huge payload.

The Agni missiles are developed by DRDO and these missiles are developed to contain a nuclear warhead.

The Agni missiles are the only ICBM- Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile on the Indian missile list.

  • The 20-mt-long Agni-II ballistic missile has a launch weight of 17 tonnes and can carry a payload of 1,000 kg over a distance of 2,000 km. 

Now, In this sentence, only payload word needs to be understood which means that for a ballistic missile, the payload is one or more warheads and related systems.

The Agni missile contains the nuclear warhead.

These Agni missiles have 6 types:

Agni missile Warhead(kg) Range(km)
Agni I 700 kg 700-1400 km
Agni II 750-1000 kg 2000-3000 km
Agni III 2000-2500 kg 3000-5000 km
Agni IV 4000 km
Agni V 1500 kg 5500-5800 km
Agni VI(underdevelopment) 6000-8000 km

The Agni IV missile is developed by Smt. Tessy Thomas.Tessy Thomas (born in 1963) is an Indian scientist and Project Director for Agni-IV missile in Defence Research and Development Organisation. She is the first woman scientist to head a missile project in India. She is known as the ‘Missile Woman’ of India

The Agni II missile is part of the Agni series of missiles which includes the Agni-I with a 700 km range, Agni-III with a 3,000 km range, Agni-IV and Agni-V both having long-range capabilities.
The first prototype of the Agni-II missile was carried out on April 11, 1999, and the last launch was a user’s trial on May 4, 2017.


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