The Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) was conceived by renowned scientist Dr A P J Abdul Kalam to enable India to attain self-sufficiency in the field of missile technology.
Dr Kalam, the then Director of Defence Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL), headed a Missile Study Team to weigh the feasibility of the programme. The team included members from the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), the Army, Navy and Air Force, and Defence Production.
Keeping in mind the requirements of various types of missiles by the defence forces, the team recommended development of five missile systems.
The IGMDP finally got the approval from the Government of India on July 26, 1983. The ambitious, time-bound project brought together the country’s scientific community, academic institutions, R&D laboratories, industries and the three Services in giving shape to the strategic, indigenous missile systems.
The missiles developed under the programme were:–
- Short-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile Prithvi
- Intermediate-range surface-to-surface ballistic missile Agni
- Short-range low-level surface-to-air missile Trishul
- Medium-range surface-to-air missile Akash
- Third generation anti-tank missile Nag
The Agni, which was initially conceived as a technology demonstrator project in the form of a re-entry vehicle, was later upgraded to a ballistic missile with different ranges.
Dr Kalam played a major role in the development and operationalisation of Agni and Prithvi missiles.
After achieving the goal of making India self-reliant in missile technology, DRDO on January 8, 2008, formally announced successful completion of IGMDP