International Atomic Energy Agency

What is International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)?

  • The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to inhibits its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons.
  • It was established as an autonomous organization on 29 July 1957 independently of the United Nations through its own international treaty, but it reports to both the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council.
  • It is headquartered in Vienna, Austria. The IAEA serves as an intergovernmental forum for scientific and technical cooperation in the peaceful use of nuclear technology and nuclear power worldwide.
  • The programs of the IAEA encourage the development of the peaceful applications of nuclear technology; provide international safeguards against misuse of nuclear technology and nuclear materials, and promote nuclear safety (including radiation protection) and nuclear security standards and their implementation.

  • Established in 1957
  • HQ: Vienna, Austria
  • It seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy and to prohibit its use for any military purpose, including manufacturing of nuclear weapons
  • It reports to the UNGA and the UNSC (although it is an independent body)
  • IAEA :
    • Promotes the development of peaceful applications of nuclear technology,
    • provide international safeguards against misuse of nuclear technology and nuclear materials, and
    • promote nuclear safety (including radiation protection) and nuclear security standards and their implementation.
  • Three main areas of work that underpin the IAEA’s mission are:
    • Safety and Security;
    • Science and Technology; and
    • Safeguards and Verification
  • The IAEA executes this mission with three main functions:
    • the inspection of existing nuclear facilities to ensure their peaceful use,
    • providing information and developing standards to ensure the safety and security of nuclear facilities, and
    • as a hub for the various fields of science involved in the peaceful applications of nuclear technology
 

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